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Samuel Loyd

Dnes Vám představím jednoho z nezapomenutelných skladatelů úloh. Je to Samuel Loyd (30.1.1841 - 11.4.1911 USA ), který se proslavil nejen svými šachovými úlohami,ale i matematickými hříčkami a hlavolamy( nejznámější je snad tzv."15"). Skládal velice vtipné, jednoduché , s jasnou formou, ale hlavně srozumitelné úlohy , které mnohdy nebyly lehké k řešení. Dnešní úlohy charakterizuje složitost mechanismů,velká náplň taktického obsahu,z nihž mnohá jsou v partiích neobvyklá. Proto Loydovy úlohy i po tolika letech jsou stále oblíbeny .

 

 

Samuel Loyd


a) Bílý dá mat 3.tahem. a) Bílý dá mat 3.tahem a) Bílý na tahu vyhraje.

Hlavolam "15" :

V hlavolamu existují pozice, ze kterých není možné se dovolenými tahy (tzn. bez vyjmutí kamenů z krabičky) dostat do cílové pozice. Příkladem je pozice

Sam Loyd nabídnul odměnu $1000 tomu, kdo jako první nabídne řešení této pozice, což vyvolalo ohromný zájem o tuto hru (na čemž Loyd vydělal jmění). Tato odměna samozřejmě nikdy nemohla být vyplacena (což Loyd věděl).

Řešešní: a)1.bxa8J!,Kxg2 2.Jb6,Sxb6 3.a8D(S) mat. b) 1Dg7! c) 1.Se4!.a2 2.Sb1! a vyhraje.

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